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The Arab Spring – 5 Years On

Five years ago, a series of unprecedented uprisings and demonstrations broke out in countries across the Middle East and North Africa. Protesters took to their streets to demonstrate against their governments, in what came to be known...

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Could Russia intervene in Libya as it did in Syria?

Throughout much of his time as President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin has shown a willingness to use violence to further his country’s interests in international affairs. Wars at home and abroad such as in Chechnya,...

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The Business and Politics of Oil in Libya

The oil industry has become a frontline of Libya’s civil war. No other commodity better represents the complex nature of Libya’s political, security and economic instability. As a highly valuable commodity trapped within a bloody civil war,...

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The Libyan Conflict is not a Tribal Conflict

With the way in which events continue to unravel in Libya, many Western news reporters and opinion writers categorize the conflict to be a courtesy of tribalism. This oversimplification in the portrayal of the Libyan conflict is...

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What can Libyans Learn from the Kurdish Peshmerga?

Since the Syrian Civil War erupted in March 2011, the Peshmerga have been catapulted to the forefront of the world stage. The Iraqi Kurdish armed forces have become celebrated internationally as one of the main forces on...

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Which heritage sites are IS targeting and why?

Aside from the incalculable loss and displacement of human lives, during the course of conflict, another casualty of war is the destruction of religious and cultural heritage sites due to their symbolic importance and noticeable presence. More...

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What is Wahhabism and why is it in North Africa?

Over the last two decades, a strand of Islam, relatively unknown to many Westerners, had been brought into sharp focus as a result of an increasing number of attacks on global cities, as well as a growing threat...

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North African Millennials need Better Education

In Islamic tradition, the first divine revelation received by our beloved Prophet Mohammed was ‘Read’, and this was repeated three times by angel Gabriel. This emphasises how important it is to seek knowledge, and how crucial knowledge...

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Libya and Egypt’s Unique Relationship

After Egypt and Libya gained independence in the 1950s, the two respective states maintained a mutual cooperative relationship. With regards to foreign policy and regional security, the two neighbouring countries viewed each other as key players. When...

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How Legitimate is Fayez al-Sarraj’s Libya?

By assuming the office of the Prime Minister on 5th of April 2016, Fayez al-Sarraj faces unprecedented challenges in the nation’s history and is now tasked with bringing a failing state back from the abyss and preventing...

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